Madrid - The Urban Heat Island effect

12/02/2019 00:05 - Posted by Tom van Leeuwen
This week, the capital of Spain, Madrid, will receive a lot of worldwide attention because of the 25th meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). 20 Thousand bureaucrats fly to the city to assist the conference.
There will be very little attention to the question whether there is a problem or not while there will be a lot of attention to the question what to do about this supposed problem.

Without any doubt, all fingers will point toward the human influence on the climate, and up to some extent, they will be right! But for the wrong reasons.

Let's take a look at Madrid's temperature. We could have chosen any big city worldwide, but let's take Madrid as an example.

In the picture above, you see the temperature distribution of Madrid and its surroundings. There is a significant, 8-degree Centigrade, difference between the temperatures measured in the city center and its airport, compared to its surroundings. This is called the Urban Heat Island effect and its caused by the heat retention of asphalt, concrete, and other structures.

The temperatures that will make up the city's temperature record are measured in the city center and the airport (Barajas), right in the areas with the strongest Urban Heat Island effect. So, the temperature is measured at the hottest places!

Now, let's have a look at Madrid's population growth over the past century.

the population has increased sixfold, so It's quite safe to assume that the Urban Heat Island effect is much stronger now than it was one hundred years ago and that most part of any possible temperature increase is due to this.

In order to be able to compare historical temperatures with today, data has to be adjusted in order to compensate for this effect. The past data should be "warmed," or the present data be "cooled." But climatologists are doing the exact opposite. They systematically cool the past and warm the present without any justification, creating a completely fake sense of warming. This as well is "human-caused" climate change.

Then, taking into account that these changes started at the end of the coldest period of the last 8,000 years, the Little Ice Age, there is minimal warming left to be explained by other causes, like CO2.

During COP25 Madrid, all attention will go to CO2 and how to reduce our emissions, but the two main reasons for our changing climate and how we measure it will be neglected: Natural cycles and the Urban Heat Island effect.

Tom van Leeuwen December 2nd, 2019.


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The fingerprints of the greenhouse effect

The hypothesis of "man-made climate change" tells us that the increase in the concentration of CO2 enhances the greenhouse effect of the atmosphere and has global warming as a final result.

Since the beginning of the industrialized era around 1850, man emits relatively large amounts of CO2 into the atmosphere through the use of fossil fuels. The consequence of these emissions is that during that period, the concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere increased sharply from about 300 parts per million to more than 400 ppm, an increase of almost 40%. The average temperature increased in the same period more or less 1.5 °C with a small variation depending on the data source used.

Why did the warming stop?

The political reports of the IPCC are based on the hypothesis that CO2 is the most important control knob of the Earth's temperature. The problem is that this hypothesis does not correspond at all with the empirical data available to science. Forecasts are made using models that are not capable of 'predicting' the past.

Temperature versus CO2 – the big picture

When discussing “Climate Change” it’s good to have an understanding of how the Earth’s climate has changed in the past. That will give us a reference to decide whether the current changes are normal or not.

Global temperatures have varied a lot over the last 500 million years. Depending on the timescale used, the current temperature is either cold or hot, so when you want to know the “normal temperature” you’ll have to indicate what timescale you’re using.

The Golden Decade

Let's start this upbeat post with a quote from Wikipedia.

"In the past, the vast majority of the world population lived in conditions of extreme poverty. The percentage of the global population living in absolute poverty fell from over 80% in 1800 to 20% by 2015. According to United Nations estimates, in 2015 roughly 734 million people or 10% remained under those conditions."

December 2019. End of the year. End of a decade, the second decade of this century, the second decade of the millennium. Maybe the right moment to evaluate how we're doing?

Well, we're doing great! Humanity is doing great! This has been the best decade so far in human history! Read more...

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According to the IPCC CO2-hypothesis, rising CO2-levels leads to warming. That warming supposedly expands sea-water and melts glaciers and polar ice sheets, finally resulting in rising sea-levels. They warn us for catastrophic sea-level rises in the year 2100 and beyond because of this process.

Sydney is strategically located between the Indian, Pacific, and Southern oceans. CO2-levels went up from 300 to 400 parts per million over the past 100 years. What's the impact on Sydney's sea-level?

Democracy? Make your choice!

In recent centuries the power of governments has become stronger and stronger. The governments got involved increasingly deeper into our lives and the citizens, the individuals, have ever less to say about ever more issues.

Climate policy is an excellent example of this interference. The government relies on completely unreliable data, unproven hypotheses, and ideas while the consequences of this interference affect everyone. At present, governments worldwide are about to make cheap and reliable energy sources -that form the basis of our economic prosperity- inaccessible. The results are far-reaching.

Censored and kicked by a Facebook group!

Yesterday I decided to post my Four Interglacials to a Facebook group called "Global Warming Denialism is a Big Oil agenda".

It was an educational experience.

About consensus, "97%", and settled science

There are four misconceptions about science that are commonly used by catastrophic man-made warming advocates. Normally, when you try to start a conversation on the subject, their first reply will be one of these four "arguments".